Contending For The Faith

February 5, 2009

Daniel 10: The Vision of Glory

Filed under: Bible Study,Daniel,John MacArthur — Lynda O @ 12:55 pm
Tags: , ,

Daniel 10 begins the last section of the book, including the last and greatest vision. Chapter 10 introduces the vision, chapter 11 gives the prophecy, and chapter 12 is an epilogue.   John MacArthur’s message “The Vision of Glory” discusses chapter 10.

This chapter occurs two years after the previous vision (the third year of Cyrus), and Daniel is feeling discouragement and disappointment, because the people really haven’t gone back yet. Only 42,000 returned with Ezra, the rest living their new lives in Babylon and Persia, and the 42,000 were such a small number.

Daniel 1:21 tells us that Daniel retired in the first year of Cyrus, so by chapter 10 Daniel has retired from public service. Yet Daniel did not return with Ezra’s group, and here MacArthur suggests a reason: not because Daniel was too old, but because he was too disapppointed. Daniel saw himself as having the responsibility to motivate other Jews to return, and he couldn’t return because he wasn’t satisfied.

Instead, Daniel does what he always does in a crisis: he prays. Chapter 10 shows us that Daniel fasted and prayed for three weeks, and that “Daniel received a revelation. The revelation was true. He understood very well the revelation.”

Here are six points in the outline of Daniel 10:

  1. Mourning toward heaven
  2. Manifestation of heaven
  3. Mastery by heaven
  4. Messenger from heaven
  5. Mischief in heaven
  6. Message from heaven

Mourning toward heaven: the three weeks of mourning

Manifestation of heaven: verses 4 through 6 describe the appearance of a certain man “dressed in linen.” This is not an angel, but a preincarnate appearance of Christ, a Christophany, for the description is very similar to John’s description of Christ in Revelation 1.

Mastery by heaven: as with others in the Bible who have an encounter with God, Daniel is overawed. The others who are with him flee in terror; Daniel loses all strength and his face turns deathly pale. Such a reaction is similarly shared by Job, Isaiah, Ezekiel, and John.

Messenger from heaven: an angel appears and touches Daniel, to restore him and deliver a message to Daniel, who is greatly beloved (verse 11). Mischief from heaven: The angel explains his delay of three weeks; the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood him for 21 days, and Michael came to this angel’s assistance. These verses teach us that the true rulers of the kingdoms of men are not men but demons. Verse 20 tells us that a demon is to be assigned to Greece. In the New Testament, Paul tells us that we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against spiritual powers. Here we have a rare glimpse behind the scenes in world history.

Message from heaven: verse 21 begins this section, which really develops in chapter 11. “First I will tell you what is written in the Book of Truth.” The vision concerns Daniel’s people, is a vision not just for now, not just for the 70 years but many years, until the end of the Tribulation.

Some important truths we learn from Daniel 10 include the reality of demonic powers over nations of men, and that “God actually carries out His will through the angelic conflict.”


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